Technology Reports of Kansai University (ISSN: 04532198) is a monthly peer-reviewed and open-access international Journal. It was first built in 1959 and officially in 1975 till now by kansai university, japan. The journal covers all sort of engineering topic, mathematics and physics. Technology Reports of Kansai University (TRKU) was closed access journal until 2017. After that TRKU became open access journal. TRKU is a scopus indexed journal and directly run by faculty of engineering, kansai university.
Technology Reports of Kansai University (ISSN: 04532198) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers all sort of engineering topic as well as mathematics and physics. the journal's scopes are
in the following fields but not limited to:
Feedback is essential information delivered by instructors in the teaching, learning and assessment process, to help students be informed about their performance and suggestions for improvement. The effective delivery of feedback helps to improve student's performance and motivation. Thus a structured feedback approach should be used to ensure that important information is delivered systematically with clear objectives. Continuous step-by-step feedback is difficult and less effective to be implemented in face-to-face learning despite its importance in providing students with useful information regarding their learning progress. Thus, this paper proposes a feedback model of game-based learning applications and develops prototypes of such application. The learning application development implements the ADDIE Model which consists of five phases involving planning, design, development, implementation and evaluation to produce application models and prototypes. The development uses Android platform with the help of Android Studio software. The design of the feedback model takes into account Bloom's Taxonomy learning theory which is referred to as the main principle for presenting statistical inference learning materials and interacting with students through games.
The focus of this review is to summarize the cathode buffer layer for bulk heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs) in the reported literature. The suitable cathode buffer layer favors the collection and the extraction of the charges and helps to improve the performance of the device. Accordingly, it’s crucial to understand the properties of cathode buffer layers and their role in OSCFs. Herein we review a range of materials applied as cathode buffer layers for OSCs. For the development of OSCs with higher efficiency and better stability, the right choice of interface materials is crucial. To obtain the optimum device, it is of vital importance to optimize the interfaces, the structures of the device (conventional or inverted) and the processing methods (wet or dry deposition).