Technology Reports of Kansai University (ISSN: 04532198) is a monthly peer-reviewed and open-access international Journal. It was first built in 1959 and officially in 1975 till now by kansai university, japan. The journal covers all sort of engineering topic, mathematics and physics. Technology Reports of Kansai University (TRKU) was closed access journal until 2017. After that TRKU became open access journal. TRKU is a scopus indexed journal and directly run by faculty of engineering, kansai university.
Technology Reports of Kansai University (ISSN: 04532198) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers all sort of engineering topic as well as mathematics and physics. the journal's scopes are
in the following fields but not limited to:
To date, many academic studies have been conducted on the topic of Universal Design (UD). Besides, several design guidelines have been developed to inform policy and guide architects to design buildings which can accommodate people with various abilities and disabilities, and different attributes as well. Though, it is unclear whether the existing UD guidelines are able to assist architects in designing shopping malls based on UD principles. Thus, this present study systematically assessed the capability of UD guidelines to address the shopping mall design indicators. This study also determined the significance of these indicators in UD guidelines. The findings showed that the “stairs” and “architectural wayfinding” were the most significant (significance score = 2.67) and least significant (significance score = 0.33) shopping mall design indicators, respectively, in UD guidelines. In addition, the most capable and least capable UD guidelines in addressing the shopping mall design criteria were the Centre for Excellence in Universal Design (capability score = 33) and the CEN/CENELEC (capability score = 4), respectively. The findings of this study can help architects to select the best UD guideline for designing the shopping malls which follow the UD principles. In addition, more comprehensive UD guidelines can be proposed in the future based on the findings of this study
This study reviews the empirical literature of intellectual capital and firm performance. It increases the current understanding by classifying the previous studies within a taxonomy in order to highlight critical issues regarding the research topic. The current investigation aims to provide an up-to-the-minute literature review of intellectual capital to; identify the major themes developed within this research stream; investigate the research directions and highlight the challenges, recommendation and derive insights to guide future research agendas for the benefit of researchers and intellectual capital users. The systematic reviewing procedures followed PRESMA protocol, wherein the time limits between 2014 and 2019. The research identified that primary challenge encountered by all researchers was measuring intellectual capitals. The complexity of the relationships between the elements of intellectual capital as each element consists of sub-element and each element of intellectual capital has different level of importance over the other elements. Besides, the aggregation of the intellectual capital component affects the accuracy of measurement. Therefore, the investigation concluded in the best method of evaluation and measuring intellectual capital is measuring each element alone based on real data extracted from the firm. However, some studies indicated that human capital is the most important intellectual capital component and companies could gain competitive advantage by incorporating great human capabilities, talents, and creativity since great human talents can make the difference