Journal ID : TRKU-05-04-2020-10642
[This article belongs to Volume - 62, Issue - 03]
Total View : 183

Title : The Efficiency of Government Administration in the Enforcement of Thai Environmental Law for Thailand 4.0: Whether Energy Consumption Regulations Impacting Greenhouse Gas

Abstract :

In managing Thailand to achieve sustainability indeed requires a simultaneous growth in economic, social and environmental dimension. This study has analyzed the efficiency of governmental administration under the environmental law in terms of greenhouse gas emission. Specifically, it presents factors of the total values of embedded energy and embedded greenhouse gas (GHG) that required and emitted from utilization of any commodities produced by 180 Thai economic sectors. The argument on disadvantage of outdated IOA data was improved by updating sectoral energy consumption elements in the power sector which is found significant to all other sectors in the economy. The most up-to-date data, i.e. the 2010 Input-Output (I-O) table was used to represent the economic structure, and the 2005 sectoral energy consumption was used to represent individual energy consumption. Thai electric power report was referred for updating the 2005 fuel mix in the power sector to represent the 2010 and the 2015 ones. Influence of fuel mix change in the power sector is found significant to the total energy content and total GHG emission factors. The total energy content and the GHG emission factors under the 2015 electricity-fuel mix are presented. Besides, Thailand’s energy consumption is detected an increase, leading to a continuous growth in greenhouse gas emission. This growth further puts Thailand at risk exceeding her carrying capacity, thus negatively impacting the environment. Therefore, the efficient national administration for Thailand 4.0 cannot be achieved if this phenomenon remains unchanged

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