Dutch colonialism was in the Indonesian archipelago for about three and a half centuries before the independence of Indonesia as a nation in 1945. Within the 17th to 20th century, Dutch colonial architecture side to side with local architecture had become the determinant of architectural styles in the archipelago. One of the significant contexts of Dutch colonial architecture in the tropical climate was the overall thermal transmission. The purpose of this study is to learn how the Dutch colonial house controls the thermal transfer into the interior of the house. This paper describes the analysis of Dutch colonial house in terms of architectural elements that control overall thermal transmission into a building by using Factor Analysis. As results, we found there are five types of Dutch colonial house in Indonesia, each with a set of characteristics in controlling overall thermal transmission. By using regression analysis of factors scores to time, we found that three types of Dutch colonial house are coherent with the existing periodicity of Dutch colonial architecture. Other two types of Dutch colonial house do not have a significant correlation to time, and we considered the elements which characterized those two types as a practical addition, rather than deliberate architectural design.