Journal ID : TRKU-11-09-2021-11493
[This article belongs to Volume - 63, Issue - 09]
Total View : 360

Title : Sustainable Urban Renewal Strategies of Traditional Urban Fabric Areas - Suleimani/ Sarshaqam Traditional Area as Case Study

Abstract :

Traditional areas represent the present of the past reality, which is reflected in its buildings and spaces. They are places of continuous life; carrying the history of the city in all its physical and objective dimensions, making them living areas that form an essential part of the city, and giving it a vision of another era. This paper explores the changes that occurred in the urban fabric of the traditional areas of disconnection, isolation and deterioration in the internal spaces. These changes led to the incompatibility of the characteristics of the fabric with the areas’ function (residential use), as a result of changing the movement axes systems, where the streets and roads penetrated the urban fabric in light of the change of planning priorities from fulfilling human requirements to trying to fulfill the machine requirements that has come to dominate contemporary planning thinking. The traditional Sarshaqam district of Suleimani was chosen as a case study, as it is an area that has undergone changes in its traditional fabric at the local and global levels. This was done by adopting a spatial analytical methodology based on 'space syntax' method and techniques, and the application of (GIS) program to quantitatively investigate the spatial organization of a traditional area and its transformation. The research examines the need for a clear and accurate perception of the change in the traditional urban fabric of the traditional (historical) urban areas, resulting from the changes in movement axes and the penetration of modern streets within the fabric. Accordingly, the hypothesis was formulated as follows: The syntactic properties of traditional urban areas, including the urban fabric, have been subjected to change due to the formal changes represented in penetrating parts of the traditional fabric by the modern streets. Results showed that the construction of the new streets or expanding them have clearly affected traditional urban areas. Also, many of its features have changed, causing them to lose parts of their traditional fabric, or losing the fabric's privacy and its distinctive identity.

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