Journal ID : TRKU-12-11-2021-11502
[This article belongs to Volume - 63, Issue - 10]
Total View : 457

Title : Functionality Analysis of Open Public Spaces of Darwaza city in Sulaimanyah KRG- Iraq as a case study

Abstract :

Globally due to the urbanization and the population growth in the urban centers, the problems of short come of resources, economics, and the need for high density dwellings arise. The idea of high density housing in the form of small communities arise as a solution to overcome the short come of dwellings and to provide shelter for great numbers of people on a smaller areas of land. This trend has shown up in Kurdistan region of Iraq from the beginning of 2000s, which makes an important topic of interest and necessary to be investigated to guarantee the life and wellbeing of the residents living in these communities, and this is why this paper is trying to analyze the spatial planning of the layouts and the use of public spaces in these communities (Darwaza city as a case study), because the use of public spaces mainly affects the social interaction of the residents, and the vitality of these spaces and positive interaction affects the well-being and psychology of the residents. Many fields of psychology, social sciences, and many urban researchers tried to investigate and understand the relation between built environment and human through many theoretical concepts, and evaluative methods to draw conclusion that promote the use of these public spaces. This paper tried to use space syntax as a theoretical framework and an analytical method using Depthmap program, because it is proven that space syntax is able to analyze quantitatively the relationship between people’s behavior and spatial configuration, and this study tries to overlap the results of people use of space obtained from direct observation and the analysis of the spatial configuration obtained from space syntax. The analysis shows interesting results of people’s use of space and correlations between space use and syntactical variables.

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