Journal ID : TRKU-15-07-2020-10893
[This article belongs to Volume - 62, Issue - 07]
Total View : 289

Title : Food and Biofuel Crops as Alternative For Tobacco in Indonesia: A Proposal to Support Domestic Food and Energy Security

Abstract :

Tobacco has become a continuing problem in Indonesia, from field preparation, planting, trade, to the main product, namely cigarettes. Often, the government is faced with two-way problems to take a fairness policy, among public health, farmers' livelihoods, and tax revenue from the cigarette industry. However, the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic should be able to serve as a determination to meet domestic food and energy needs, while at the same time reducing medical costs that the government must provide. Therefore, we held a panel discussion with speakers including the Governor of Central Java, tobacco researchers from the Union, polyculture farmers, and tobacco farmer associations. The conference was also attended by representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Industry, the Ministry of Finance, and the National Development Planning Agency, as panellists. From the results of the discussion, we found that tobacco farming is actually not profitable because it is vulnerable to weather and bad trading management, but for a limited scale, this is still needed to compensate for clove farmers. To support food and energy security, a polyculture farming model can be applied as tobacco substitutes. Food crops which are also candidates for biofuel are proposed as new models of agriculture post Covid-19 pandemic

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