Journal ID : TRKU-13-04-2020-10682
[This article belongs to Volume - 62, Issue - 04]
Total View : 250

Title : DEVELOPMENT OF WATER TREATMENT TABLET FROM THE LEAVES AND OIL EXTRACTED FROM THE SEEDS OF MORINGA OLEIFERA AND ACTIVATED CARBON

Abstract :

In the event of natural or manmade disaster, clean water might be a very precious commodity. Commercial water treatment tablet might be able to purify water but it might also poses health hazard when consumed in large amount. This research focused on the development of naturally derived water treatment tablet formed from the leaves and oil extracted from the seeds of Moringa Oleifera and activated carbon (from coconut shells). The characterization of the activated carbon and Moringa Oleifera was carried out by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET), while the efficiency of water treatment tablet was analysed by Turbidity Meter. FTIR results shows that there are hydroxyl groups and carboxylic group in the activated carbon sample which correlates well with literatures. XRD results indicated that both activated carbon and Moringa Oleifera was amorphous in structure which might facilitates towards the dynamicity of the water treatment process. BET’s results shows that activated carbon have larger surface area compared to Moringa Oleifera leaves. The results obtained from turbidity meter analysis showed that the existence of Moringa Oleifera oil contributes toward better water treatment capability while the leaves of Moringa Oleifera on its own was less effective as water treatment agent. It can be concluded that the combination of Moringa Oleifera oil and leaves with activated carbon at a ratio of 125:50:250 (in mg) can be considered effective in removing impurities from water where 59.22% of the contaminant was successfully removed

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