Technology Reports of Kansai University (ISSN: 04532198) is a monthly peer-reviewed and open-access international Journal. It was first built in 1959 and officially in 1975 till now by kansai university, japan. The journal covers all sort of engineering topic, mathematics and physics. Technology Reports of Kansai University (TRKU) was closed access journal until 2017. After that TRKU became open access journal. TRKU is a scopus indexed journal and directly run by faculty of engineering, kansai university.
Technology Reports of Kansai University (ISSN: 04532198) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers all sort of engineering topic as well as mathematics and physics. the journal's scopes are
in the following fields but not limited to:
The problem of protecting the quality of digital text has become a subject of concern in recent years. In particular, digital text security plays the pivotal role for disseminating the electronic material through the Internet. Watermarking is a valuable method for securing digital document information since it addresses the issue of distortion, replication, unauthorized access and breaches of security. The rapid development which is now evident in knowledge exchange and access is the product of the Internet extensive use. As regards to various forms of digital data, this paper is the most complex and challenging medium for the application of watermarking process. Text watermarking is a very challenging task and the relevant works in this area are still limited. Extensive research must be worked out to ensure some major points such as effective evaluation, analysis, and implementation. This paper discusses the theory, technique, and implementation of text watermarking, including meaning description, embedding and extraction techniques, specifications, watermarking strategies and languages which has been used. Moreover, this paper gives a short summary of steganography and cryptography techniques which have been proposed for implementing the text watermarking. Finally, this paper also aims a to discuss the scientific issues transparently and the future work directions
The steganography and watermarking systems are cousins in information security which belong to the same family of data, where between of them have a common feature with its own characteristics. The main objective of digital watermarking is to deal with image authentication, while data hiding is the basic target for steganography. Both systems are focusing on image security. During the great computer revolution and the development of the communications network, it became difficult to control the security of the data transmitted between the sender and the authorized receiver. Therefore, there must be a robust system that protects these confidential data. Therefore, a lot of researchers develop different methods of steganography and watermarking using two different domains, spatial domain, and frequency domain. This paper discusses a comprehensive comparison of methods used in the areas of steganography and watermarking in a spatial domain only