Technology Reports of Kansai University (ISSN: 04532198) is a monthly peer-reviewed and open-access international Journal. It was first built in 1959 and officially in 1975 till now by kansai university, japan. The journal covers all sort of engineering topic, mathematics and physics. Technology Reports of Kansai University (TRKU) was closed access journal until 2017. After that TRKU became open access journal. TRKU is a scopus indexed journal and directly run by faculty of engineering, kansai university.
Technology Reports of Kansai University (ISSN: 04532198) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers all sort of engineering topic as well as mathematics and physics. the journal's scopes are
in the following fields but not limited to:
The focus of this review is to summarize the cathode buffer layer for bulk heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs) in the reported literature. The suitable cathode buffer layer favors the collection and the extraction of the charges and helps to improve the performance of the device. Accordingly, it’s crucial to understand the properties of cathode buffer layers and their role in OSCFs. Herein we review a range of materials applied as cathode buffer layers for OSCs. For the development of OSCs with higher efficiency and better stability, the right choice of interface materials is crucial. To obtain the optimum device, it is of vital importance to optimize the interfaces, the structures of the device (conventional or inverted) and the processing methods (wet or dry deposition).
A two-dimensional (2D) fluid-analytical transformation coupled to the plasma reactor model was developed using the COMSOL capacitively coupling finite element simulation tool with a plasma source included in the model as well as a capacitive bias for the wafer electrode. The bulk fluid plasma model solves the time-dependent plasma fluid equations for the continuity of H+, H2+, H3+, Ar+ and ArH + ions, and electron density. In this work, the ion-molecule kinetics of cold Ar/H2 plasmas are studied in capacitively coupled discharges mainly focuses on the modalization of an 80% H2/20% Ar mixture to illustrate the production rates of ne, H+, H2+, H3+, Ar+ and ArH+ and mainly the dominant ions H3+, Ar+ and ArH+, for this, we have presented the set of cross-sections of Hydrogen and Argon which enter into the calculation of the transport coefficients of the mixture for a certain percentage of each gas, the results will be compared to the measurement data using the lxcat code and we end our work with a presentation of the 1D results for a variation in the mixture from zero up to 100% Ar where the evolution of H+, H2+, H3+, Ar+ , ArH+ and Ar* ions are illustrated.